Monday, March 2, 2009

Snow shocked: The Blizzard of 1888



Longacre Square -- the future Times Square -- after the Blizzard

A March blizzard like the one today is discouraging as we're so close to ridding ourselves of winter forever. But putting it all in perspective, it'll never top the absolute worst March snowstorm of all time, a snowy catastrophe that completely shut down the city -- the Blizzard of 1888.

In an age before radio and television, in a city with elevated trains and few effective snow-clearing techniques, New York was held hostage as the blizzard pelted New England, starting as freezing rain on March 11, then building to a 36-hour deluge of wind and snow from March 12-13, winding up the next day. The East River became a solid floor of ice, destroying dozens of boats and ferries. Telegraph poles and rudimentary electrical wires crumbled under ice and wind. Food deliveries stopped, supplies of fresh water froze up; many in downtown tenements froze to death in their rooms.

The storm also underscored the city's need for an underground transit system. One unfortunate reporter for the New York Sun was on a packed morning Sixth Avenue elevated and observed: "The train moved down a little below Seventeenth street and stopped. It stayed there more than two hours. Then it moved ten feet and stopped another hour; ten feet more and another hour; finally to a little below Sixteenth street, and there it stuck until 5 minutes before 3 o'clock."

Here's a few more images from that horrific event. See, today isn't so bad:

Aftermath along the elevated trains. Within ten years, New York would begin work on underground tunnels to accomodate a more convenient mode of transportation


Not having the luxury of 'sick days' or lenient work environment, most New Yorkers braved the awful weather to go into work that day. What greeted them were a death-defying latticework of icy wires and downed telegraph poles.


The scene behind the Grand Central Depot at 43rd street -- essentially paralyzed


A Harpers Weekly illustration summing up the scene at Union Square. Not a day to hit the Ladies Mile shops!


The view of Park Row in front of the Brooklyn Bridge entrance in Manhattan, with the old post office to the right. Again, just invision sliding down one of these sidewalks, dodging uncontrollable trollies and the risk of falling poles and wires


The Brooklyn Bridge, barely a few years old, aches under the burden of tons of snow and violent winds
(Life archive images)


The truly adventurous, however, were well prepared, such as this man in Prospect Park, armed with snow shoes. (Pic courtesy the Brooklyn Historical Society)


And the scene was certainly no better in the town of Jamaica (Union Avenue is pictured here), which would be incorporated as a part of the borough of Queens just ten years later (pic courtesy wintercenter)

8 comments:

  1. Awesome photos. Isn't the blizzard featured in Time and Again?

    ReplyDelete
  2. Imagine all the horse manure under the snow! Yuck!

    ReplyDelete
  3. My grandfather lived through that. He was 12 years old at the time.

    He would tell me that in some areas of the city, tunnels were dug to get to building entrances.

    He and his 4 brothers and one sister lived in a small tenament in Brooklyn with my great grandfather. My great grandmother died in childbirth. And my grandfather being the oldest of the kids, took over the household chores while my greatgrandfather worked as a ferry captain.

    It was the coldest he said he had ever been in his life.

    ReplyDelete
  4. This blizzard has a fully dedicated chapter in Edward Rutherfurd's latest novel, "New York" (highly reccommenable, btw). Seeing these photos, I understand the author was inspired by them. Thanks for the research!

    ReplyDelete
  5. It was Edward Rutherfurd's book New York that led me to google "Dakota Blizzard 1888"; a fantastic book with vivid descriptions of the storm. Seeing the photos just makes it so real.

    ReplyDelete
  6. It was Edward Rutherfurd's book New York that led me to google "Dakota Blizzard 1888"; a fantastic book with vivid descriptions of the storm. Seeing the photos just makes it so real.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Rutherfurd's book, New York, also lead me to Google the blizzard today. I was supposed to go out with friends last night and was reading while I was waiting for them to arrive. Was really glad they were about 45 minutes late, because I had just gotten to this part of the book and was hooked by the descriptions.

    ReplyDelete
  8. As others who had written before me, it was Edward Rutherford's book that led me to google the Dakota Storm 1888. As so many of Edward Rutherford's books, he stays true to the facts.

    ReplyDelete