Monday, January 27, 2014

When the Statue of Liberty left her arm in Madison Square


Above: The arm of the Statue of Liberty stood solitary in Madison Square for six years, from 1876 to 1882.

Two hundred years ago today, Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc was born in Paris.  As the godfather of historical restoration, Viollet-le-Duc would rescue countless medieval structures from decay, helping to preserve the spirit of French architecture through such buildings as Notre-Dame and Mont Sant-Michel.

But it's through his association with his student Frédéric Bartholdi that Viollet-le-Duc would make his mark in America, as the original designer of the Statue of Liberty's brick-laden skeleton.  Viollet-le-Duc would work with Bartholdi in creating both the head and the arm, parts that would then travel to the United States to raise funds for the completed structure.

In particular, the arm and torch would be displayed in the northwest corner of Madison Square Park, from 1876 to 1882.  On July 4th, 1876, a gigantic painting by Jean-Baptiste Lavastre of the completed statue was displayed on a building across the street from the arm.

Below: The arm would also make its way to the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exposition.



Sadly, Viollet-le-Duc would never again see these portions of the statue, as he died in 1879 before the entire structure was completely built.   Bartholdi then turned to another architect to complete the work -- Gustave Eiffel.  It's Eiffel's redesigned interior that supports the statue today.

In 1889, three years after the Statue of Liberty finally made its home in New York harbor, Eiffel debuted his better known work -- the Eiffel Tower -- at the Paris World's Fair.

But the somewhat radical theories of restoration espoused by Viollet-le-Duc would inspire American architects and inform the direction of modern historical preservation.


4 comments:

  1. Interesting, I remember reading the 1970's novel 'Bid Time Return' by Richard Matheson where the man & women hid out in the Statute's tourch.

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  2. I'm wondering how in the world they got it where it needed to go? It seems an impossible task for the time.

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  3. Before I read this blog spot, I only knew a brief history about the Statue of Liberty. I knew that it was given by the French during the American Revolution as a gift to honor their friendship. However, I didn't know the specific details like the creator of the Statue of Liberty. After reading this post, I learned that Viollet-le-Duc and his student, Frédéric Barthold, created the head and arm and torch of the statue that was located in Madison Square Park from 1876 to 1888. There was also a painting of the complete statue across the arm. The sources used in this blog post are pictures and facts that seem to be primary and gathered facts. I still want to know why the statue was moved to Liberty Island instead of staying at Madison Square Park.

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  4. It has to be in water because it's the Statue of Liberty and liberty is granted, freedom is won. And don't u think it would be a little big for Madison Park. The original statue was to commemorate the black soldiers who many thought won the civil War for the north to commemorate their victory over slavery, that's why their is a chain on her feet. It was inspired by the goddess Isis. The original was rejected by the United States, because they thought the south would be offended by the reminder of their defeat. Barthold changed the face to resemble his mother and the chain that was on the arm in the original was removed.

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